Enable JMX Monitoring in Payara Server
After downloading the latest version of Payara Server and starting it up, there will be JMX data available immediately, but this is data will only include generic statistics from the JVM itself and will not include any metrics from Payara Server. To view Payara Server metrics, there are a few extra steps to complete first.
Since we need to show the MBeans available, we will use VisualVM for this
guide. This is available in the Oracle JDK as
jvisualvm, or as a separate
download from visualvm.github.io.
To view MBeans, the MBeans Browser plugin
will need to be installed.
With Payara Server started, VisualVM will detect the running Payara Server as an instance of GlassFish (provided both Payara Server and VisualVM are started as the same user):
This automatic detection of Payara Server uses
JMX MBeans in Payara Server are exposed under
amx to differentiate them from
other JVM MBeans, such as those under
java.lang which expose things like
garbage collection information.
To view the MBeans from Payara Server as well as the JVM, we must execute a JMX operation to start the AMX subsystem.
As shown in the image below, expand the
amx-support folder and select the
boot-amx MBean. The default selected tab will be
Attributes, so select the
Operations tab and click the
After the operation returns, VisualVM will display an alert box (click OK to
dismiss). You will also notice a new directory next to
Expanding this directory will show a very large list of subfolders with useful-looking names. A closer look at these will show that the information in each of the MBeans is only configuration information, not metrics. This is because we haven’t enabled Payara Server’s monitoring system, so no metrics are being gathered. This is our next step.
Enable Monitoring in Payara Server
To make sure that we get all the monitoring data that Payara Server provides,
we will turn each module’s monitoring level to
HIGH, giving us the highest
possible amount of data.
Via the Admin Console
Open the Admin Console and select "Monitoring Data" in the left-hand "Tree" pane. This is where monitoring data can be viewed in the admin console, though this will be raw data. Since we have not yet enabled monitoring, click the "Configure Monitoring" link for the relevant server instance. In the image below we only have the DAS (“server”) to choose:
That link will take you directly to the correct page for the
the place where we enable monitoring for the DAS as shown:
Use the icon to select all available modules, change the value for the "Level"
HIGH and click "Change Level". This has not yet saved the changes,
so we must make sure to click the "Save" button in the top left corner to make
sure that the change is applied.
Via the Asadmin
To achieve the same goal using the
asadmin tool, we must use the
and the appropriate dotted name for each of the modules. Below is a list of
all the commands needed to set every module shown above to
set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.jvm=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.connector-service=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.connector-connection-pool=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.jdbc-connection-pool=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.web-services-container=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.ejb-container=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.thread-pool=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.http-service=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.security=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.jms-service=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.jersey=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.transaction-service=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.jpa=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.web-container=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.orb=HIGH set configs.config.server-config.monitoring-service.module-monitoring-levels.deployment=HIGH
Viewing JMX Monitoring Data with VisualVM
No further action needs to be taken to get the data from Payara Server into
VisualVM. If the MBeans Browser was already open before enabling monitoring,
the new MBeans will have appeared already. They may be hard to spot, but they
are easy to identify; all MBeans which show monitoring data are suffixed with
"-mon". A good example is
web-request-mon, which will show metrics on requests
for each module in the available Virtual Servers:
In the screenshot, the Admin Console module is selected and the
attribute is selected. Each attribute in bold is a composite attribute,
meaning that it is an attribute which has several properties. Double-clicking
the bold text in VisualVM will expand the attribute to show the available data
as seen above. Visiting a page in the admin console will increment the
value in the
requestcount attribute, though the Refresh button will need to
be clicked to update the value.