H2 is a Java-based Database which replaced Derby as the default database in Payara 5. Derby as a database service that can be started and managed by Payara Server, has been removed starting from version 5.201
In terms of performance, Derby is one of the slowest embedded databases as compared to other H2, PostgresSQL, HSQLDB, etc. H2 also has a smaller disk footprint; the size of a JAR file is around 1.5 MB.
To start the database run the command below:
The above command will start H2 on the default port, which is 9092.