Running asadmin commands using Pre-boot and Post-boot Scripts

Administration commands can also be run against a Payara Micro instance at specific moments in its lifecycle. To do this, you must provide the commands you wish to execute in special scripts via a command line option.

Structure of a Boot Script

Boot scripts are simple text files that contain the asadmin subcommands used to configure the instance. These scripts will follow these set of rules:

  1. Each asadmin command must be represented in one line of text in the script. No line breaks are allowed.

  2. Each asadmin command must be formatted on the syntax subcommand [options] [operands], as if you were running the commands in a multimode session from the command line.

  3. Empty lines and comment lines (starting with the # character) are ignored.

  4. Each asadmin command may contain variable references (e.g. to environment variables or system properties) as described in Using variables

asadmin commands that contain spaces in the value should be surrounded with quotations marks and nested quotation marks must be escaped with the \ character.

Here’s a sample of a post boot script used to configure an instance for production uses:

#Disable dynamic reloading of applications
set configs.config.server-config.admin-service.das-config.dynamic-reload-enabled=false

# Set a system property which contains spaces and quotation marks in the property value
create-system-properties " is a \"property\" value"
#Disable auto deployment
set configs.config.server-config.admin-service.das-config.autodeploy-enabled=false

#Optimizing Heap size
delete-jvm-options -client:-Xmx1024:-Xms512
create-jvm-options -server:-Xmx2048:-Xms2048

#Configuring Hazelcast cluster
set-hazelcast-configuration --clusterName=my-production-cluster --target=server-config

#Using a reference to a system property payara.deployed-app-name
set configs.config.server-config.http-service.virtual-server.server.default-web-module=${payara.deployed-app-name}

#Using a reference to an environment variable security-enabled

Configuring Boot Scripts

When running Payara Micro from the command line, use appropriate command file options to specify the script file locations and the moment in the boot lifecycle when they should be executed:


provides a file of asadmin commands to run before booting the server (only some commands work at this point)


provides a file of asadmin commands to run after booting the server


provides a file of asadmin commands to run after all deployments have completed

For example:

java -jar payara-micro.jar --prebootcommandfile prepare-resources.txt --postbootcommandfile ready-production-use.txt --postdeploycommandfile post-process-apps.txt

When creating an Uber JAR using the --outputUberJAR option, the scripts are transferred into the MICRO-INF/ directory of the resulting JAR artifact as the pre-boot-commands.txt, post-boot-commands.txt and post-deploy-commands.txt files.

For example, when generating the Uber JAR like this:

java -jar payara-micro.jar --prebootcommandfile prepare-resources.txt --postbootcommandfile ready-production-use.txt --outputUberJar custom-micro.jar

Examining the JAR structure will confirm that the scripts have been transferred correctly:

Uber JAR Command scripts structure

Boot Scripts with Persistent Root Directory

A command in a boot script usually results in change of configuration in config/domain.xml. When persistent root directory is reused between restarts, it may cause some commands to fail, particularly those that create new resources, like for example create-jdbc-connection-pool. However, failure of a script command is not critical for server startup, just a warning is logged in such case.

By utilizing --warmup, these commands can be run as part of preparation of root directory rather than run on every startup. That also spares startup time for productive instance.

When a command uses variable references, the values for variables are determined during execution of the script, before executing the command and changing the configuration. If a variable value should be evaluated each time Payara Micro starts, then executing a script in --warmup mode will not suffice and the script needs to be passed as argument also for productive runs.

Restrictions on Pre-boot Scripts

Keep in mind when writing a pre-boot command script, that the commands prepared will be running before the server has booted, which means not all available asadmin subcommands will yield results (for example deploying or listing applications).

It’s recommended to create preboot scripts that use simple set commands to change the configuration of existing resources (adding new resources might not work in all cases) like network listeners, standard domain configuration and such.