Eclipse MicroProfile Metrics API

Since Payara Server 4.1.2.181 and 5.181

Provided version of the API: MicroProfile Metrics 2.2

Background

The Metrics API was designed to provide monitoring support for applications as well as the underlying runtime. This is considered separate to health checks which are concerned with a binary status of "healthy" or "unhealthy". In design, the Metrics API has borrowed heavily from DropWizard Metrics, so many of the concepts in the API will be familiar.

For a full overview of the API, review the documentation for the appropriate release.

A key goal of the specification was to provide HTTP endpoints in Prometheus format (as well as JSON). Since the Prometheus Text format is widely used by monitoring products other than Prometheus, this gives a lot of compatibility out-of-the-box.

MicroProfile Metrics 1.1 was released in MicroProfile 1.3

Version 2.2 of the Metrics specification does not define the behaviour of implementations where multiple applications are deployed to the same container. This limitation will be addressed in a later version of the Metrics specification.

REST Endpoint

MicroProfile Metrics specifies that all metrics are published at the endpoint /metrics. For both Payara Server and Payara Micro, this means that the endpoint can be found on the HTTP port (default 8080). By visiting these endpoints in a browser, the Prometheus text format can be viewed directly.

Metric Scopes

The Metrics specification defines three Scopes, Base, Vendor and Application which correspond to the following purposes:

Base

Base metrics are mandatory for all implementations to provide. This is so that there is a predictable baseline of metrics which will be available on any MicroProfile implementation.

These metrics can be accessed under /metrics/base.

Vendor

Vendor metrics are specific to each implementation and are intended to offer metrics which are unique to each vendor.

These metrics can be accessed under /metrics/vendor.

Application

Application metrics are reserved for those metrics which are to be exposed from the application by using the developer API.

These metrics can be accessed under /metrics/application.

Custom Vendor Metrics

JMX Mbeans can be exposed as Custom Vendor Metrics by the user by supplying a custom metrics.xml file in the ${PAYARA_HOME}/glassfish/domains/${DOMAIN_NAME}/config/ folder with the following format:

<config>
    <base>
        ...
    </base>
    <vendor>
        <!--sample metadata-->
        <metadata>
            <!--tags are since 5.193 -->
            <tags>
                <tag>
                    <name>operatingSystem</name>
                    <value>Linux</name>
                </tag>
            </tags>
            <name>system.cpu.load</name>
            <mbean>java.lang:type=OperatingSystem/SystemCpuLoad</mbean>
            <type>gauge</type>
            <unit>none</unit>
            <displayName>System CPU Load</displayName>
            <description>Recent CPU usage for the whole system.</description>
        </metadata>
    </vendor>
</config>
Payara Server has a more extensive range of MBeans available than Payara Micro, but these AMX MBeans need to be enabled through the Monitoring section of the admin console before they will be usable. Each of these AMX MBeans are also lazily loaded so, for example, JDBC connection pool MBeans will not be visible until an application that uses the connection pool is deployed.

Templating Metrics for AMX MBeans

Since Payara Server 4.1.2.182 and 5.182

It is possible to create a template for a metric based on AMX MBeans properties for multiple resource configurations or similar objects (like JDBC connection pools for example).

Simple Templating

You can use the %s placeholder to define a template in the metadata definition of the metric using the mbean element. The server will look for all MBeans that match the expression defined and will generate metrics for each one of them.

You will need to use the %s placeholder in the name element as well to allow each metric to have a different name and avoid collisions.
Example

Here’s a simple example of defining a custom metric definition template that will generate metrics for the number of free connections available to all JDBC connections pools:

<metadata>
     <tags>
        <tag>
            <name>name</name>
            <value>%s</value>
        </tag>
     </tags>
     <name>jdbc.connection.pool.numconnfree</name>
     <mbean>amx:pp=/mon/server-mon[server],type=jdbc-connection-pool-mon,name=resources/%sPool/numconnfree#current</mbean>
     <type>counter</type>
     <unit>none</unit>
     <displayName>numconnfreePool</displayName>
     <description>The total number of free connections in the pool as of the last sampling.</description>
</metadata>

Which will yield the following results:

# TYPE vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total counter
# HELP vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total The total number of free connections in the pool as of the last sampling.
vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total{name="resources/DerbyPool"} 0
# TYPE vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total counter
# HELP vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total The total number of free connections in the pool as of the last sampling.
vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total{name="resources/H2Pool"} 0
# TYPE vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total counter
# HELP vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total The total number of free connections in the pool as of the last sampling.
vendor_jdbc_connection_pool_numconnfree_total{name="resources/__TimerPool"} 0 0

Advanced Templating

Since Payara Server 4.1.2.184 and 5.184

If you need more control on the attributes of specific MBeans used in a metric definition, you can use the ${key}, ${attribute} and ${subattribute} placeholders to define more fine-grained metrics.

These placeholders are used as follows:

key

Used as a placeholder of the name (or part of the name) of an AMX MBean.

attribute

Used as a placeholder for the name of an attribute of an AMX MBean.

subattribute

Used as a placeholder for the name of a sub-attribute (or second-level attribute), which corresponds to the attribute of a CompositeData object.

You will need to use the ${key}, ${attribute} and ${subattribute} placeholders in the name element as well to prevent name collisions between different templated metrics.
Example

Here’s an example of defining a custom metric definition template with these placeholders that will generate a counter metric for each specific connection metric that is available to all JDBC connection pools:

<metadata>
     <name>jdbc.connection.pool.${key}Pool.${attribute}#${subattribute}</name>
     <mbean>amx:pp=/mon/server-mon[server],type=jdbc-connection-pool-mon,name=resources/${key}Pool/${attribute}#${subattribute}</mbean>
     <type>counter</type>
     <unit>none</unit>
</metadata>

Which will yield the following results:

# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnsuccessfullymatched#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnsuccessfullymatched#start_time 1540463722554
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconncreated#count counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconncreated#count 0
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_connrequestwaittime#last_sample_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_connrequestwaittime#last_sample_time -1
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnused#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnused#start_time 1540463106138
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnused#last_sample_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnused#last_sample_time 1540463722554
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconntimedout#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconntimedout#start_time 1540463722554
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_connrequestwaittime#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_connrequestwaittime#start_time 1540463722554
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnfree#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnfree#start_time 1540463106138
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnfailedvalidation#count counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_derby_pool_pool_numconnfailedvalidation#count 0
......
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_h2_pool_pool_numconnsuccessfullymatched#start_time counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_h2_pool_pool_numconnsuccessfullymatched#start_time 1540463722554
# TYPE vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_h2_pool_pool_numconncreated#count counter
vendor:jdbc_connection_pool_resources/_h2_pool_pool_numconncreated#count 0
......
......

Metrics Configuration

Metrics can be configured by using Admin Console or Asadmin commands.

Since Payara Platform 5.183

Using the Admin Console

To configure the Metrics in the Admin Console, go to Configuration → [instance-configuration (like server-config)] → MicroProfile → Metrics:

Set Metrics Configuration

Using Asadmin Commands

set-metrics-configuration

Usage
asadmin> set-metrics-configuration
        [--enabled=true|false]
        [--securityenabled=true|false]
        [--roles=<role-list>]
        [--dynamic=true|false]
        [--endpoint=<context-root[default:metrics]>]
        [--target=<instance-name[default:server]>]
        [--virtualservers=<virtualserver-list>]
Aim

Provides a way to set the configuration of the metrics service of the targeted config.

Command Options
Option Type Description Default Mandatory

enabled

Boolean

Enables or disables the metrics service.

true

No

securityenabled

Boolean

Whether or not secure access to the metrics endpoint is enabled.

Since Payara Server 5.193

false

No

roles

String

If defined, the endpoint will be assigned to a list of the role specified as a comma-separated.

Since Payara Server 5.193

microprofile

No

endpoint

String

The context root used to expose the metrics endpoint.

metrics

No

dynamic

Boolean

If set to true, applies the changes instantly without a restart. Otherwise a restart is required.

true

No

target

String

The target server/instance configuration.

server-config

No

virtualservers

String

If defined, the endpoint will be assigned to a list of virtual servers specified as a comma-separated list of names. Otherwise, the endpoint will be assigned to all virtual servers available.

Since Payara Server 4.1.2.184 and 5.184

-

No

Example
asadmin> set-metrics-configuration --enabled=true --securityenabled=true --dynamic=true --target instance1

get-metrics-configuration

Usage
asadmin> get-metrics-configuration [--target <instance-name>]
Aim

Returns the current configuration options for the metrics service on the targeted configuration.

Command Options
Option Type Description Default Mandatory

target

String

The target server/instance configuration.

server-config

No

Example
asadmin> get-metrics-configuration --target cluster1

Security Configuration

By default, Metrics endpoints binds to root context application which is default-web-module (docroot) system application and default-web-module application uses default realm (file) of server. If user application deployed with the empty context-root then the security configuration of the deployed application will be shared by Metrics endpoints.

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