H2 is a Java based Database which will replace Derby as the default database in Payara 5. Derby will be still included with Payara 5 but will no longer be the default database.
In terms of performance, Derby is one of the slowest embedded databases as compared to other H2, PostgresSQL, HSQLDB, etc. H2 also has a smaller disk footprint; the size of a JAR file is around 1.5 MB.
To start the database run the command below:
The above command will start H2 on the default port, which is 9092. To explicitly start Derby run the command below:
asadmin> start-database --dbtype derby